Located in the western and intertropical part of South America. Borders with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south, and on the west with the Pacific Ocean, after 200 miles, has an area of 1'285, 216 km2, has more than 27 million habitants, Peru is usually divided into three major geographical regions: the Coast, the Sierra or Andes and the jungle or Amazon, but a closer look at Peru`s ecology allows to identify up to 11 different regions, each with their own climate, ecosystems, flora and fauna.

The Coast

The coast occupies a narrow desert strip bordered by the Pacific Ocean, in the middle lies the capital, Lima. Located between the western mountains and the Pacific Ocean. It extends along some 1,800 km Crosses through about 50 fertile valleys where several important cities are located.

Few rain precipitation.
Max. 30ºC / 86ºF
Min. 10ºC / 50ºF

The Sierra or Andes

The Sierra or Andes is maked by the presence of the great Andes which runs the country from north to south, reaching altitudes higher than 6,500 meters (21,325 feet). The Peruvian highlands, has a hilly terrain, numerous valleys and deep canyons, rivers, lagoons and large glaciers.

Dry temperate
Little rain presipitation
Max. 25ºC / 77ºF
Min. 0ºC / 32ºF

The Rainforest

The Amazon Rainforest, located towards the east, is a large flat area covered by vegetation. It constitutes almost 60% of the country's area. It is divided into two main regions, High and low forest, reason why its altitude varies between 3,500 and 800 meters above sea level. Filled with rivers dancing around lushy forests.

Moderate rain precipitation.
Max. 35ºC / 95ºF
Min. 12ºC / 54º

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